Casino Games History Or How People Have Learnt To Count Cards

The fantasy of capoting a casino is as old as continue reading the belief ”casino” itself. Every gambler wants to win. Every other invents his own ”system”. Every hundredth efforts to attentively examine the game. And only the few of millions triumph.

The casinos, definitely, knows about the existence of ”counters” and want to oppose them – from changing the rules to ban the game. Sometimes even exceeding the limits of reason and legality. In fact, all of the history of the blackjack is the struggle involving the gamblers and the casino which is more clever.

More than half a century passed since the first efforts of beating the casinos in blackjack, based not on the marked cards and intuition. There has been a peck of salt eaten since then, but the fight remains going on…


Probably the click here for more casino info first person in history who used mathematic investigation to the game blackjack was Jess Marcum (initially Marcovitch) was born on 30th December 1919.

It happened in the turn of 1949 and 1950, when Jess, being an outstanding mathematician and physicist-theorist got to Las Vegas. Afterward his mathematic flair prompted him that most possibly not everything depends on intuition in blackjack.

Marcum started examining blackjack. First, the uniqueness of his attempt is that he performed completely all calculations with his pencil on the paper, on principle without using any technologies whatever poor they might be at that point. Second he had found the solution!

Jess manually developed what’s now called basic strategy and counting systems ten years before someone else has done that. He counted that theoretically he had an advantage within the casino of about 3% – under the conditions of the time it was quite actual. Additionally, Markum had been playing blackjack in all understood to him casinos- both in the united states useful casino link and abroad. His name appeared on the pages of the newspapers as an illustration of ”blessed man” who managed to hit the jackpot.

Jess Markum also went down to history as probably the first guy thrown out of the casino because of cards. Though at that time casinos did not recognize that such system existed. Jess lived in Vegas for about per year. The casino owners swopped the info when they gathered in the general meeting. After that Markum wasn’t declared at all Vegas casinos. The exact same storyline- in half annually after unbelievable ”chance” the casino owners began making inquiries concerning the incredible gambler. Afterward other states and cities. Afterward Cuba, the Bahamas. Nobody understands just how much cash he has won through that time. One thing is known for sure- in fact, Jess Markum began the war involving the gamblers and casinos in blackjack, that’s still going on and getting increasingly more strained.

He didn’t share his computations with anyone, and completely gave up playing against casino after an extensive public publication of blackjack procedures by other authors. Jess Markum expired in 1992, at the age of 72.

The four of Neanderthals. {The following attempt of great influence on the blackjack mathematics was made in 1956 by the group of four mathematicians- Roger Baldwin, Wilbert E. Cantey, Herbert Maisel and James McDermott.

{These people had never played in casino before, having spent a great amount of m/hr, they created fundamental strategy of playing blackjack based on the most used at that time rules and published it together using the calculation methods in the specialized mathematics journal for statisticians – Journal of the American Statistical Association entitled ”The Optimum Strategy In Blackjack”.

They made several little mistakes in calculations which is nothing serious taking into consideration their enormous contribution. A year later they issued a tiny novel Playing Blackjack to Win, which will be now a bibliography rarity.

In fact their book as well as the post didn’t ignite much furor, and remained practically without attention regardless of their advanced strategy.